Warning signs and symptoms

Signs and symptoms that might indicate the abnormalities of heart valve including valve regurgitation and valve stenosis are:

  • Fatigue, especially during times of increased activity

  • Feeling faint or dizzy

  • Chest pain (angina) or chest tightness with frequency at least 2-3 times per week.

    Treatment of degenerative aortic valve disease

    Degenerative aortic valve disease cannot be treated with oral medications since cause of this valve condition is derived from valve stenosis (narrowed valve). The ultimate treatment goal is to replace a narrowed aortic valve that fails to open properly. Open-heart surgerywhich involves a cut (incision) in the chest, is conventional technique to replace old heart valve with artificial valves, either tissue (biological) valve or mechanical valve. Both types of artificial valves possess their pros and cons. Modern mechanical valves can last extremely long but lifelong treatment with anticoagulants is required, whereas tissue valve does not require the administration of anticoagulants but lifespan is fairly short, compared to the mechanical ones. In the past, to treat aortic valve disease regardless of types of artificial valves, open surgery was essentially needed. Due to the advancements in surgical technology, minimally invasive procedure to treat aortic valve disease without open-heart surgery has emerged. This procedure may be an effective option if the patients are considered to have intermediate or high risk of complications from surgical aortic valve replacement. Conditions that may increase the risk of surgical aortic valve replacement include being the elderly with advanced age and having some underlying diseases such as lung disease or kidney disease.

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